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The Ankle Joint - Don't Get it Twisted

The Ankle Joint 

There are many different joints that make up the ankle/foot, each playing a vital role in the biomechanics of the ankle and the foot.  For now, we are going to focus on the primary joint of the ankle; the talocrural joint.

The talocrural joint is made up of the distal tibia and fibula articulating with the talus.  Dorsiflexion and plantar flexion, or bringing your foot up, and pushing your foot down, are the primary motions that occur at this joint.  Other motions you may have heard of that occur at this joint are, pronation and supination.  Pronation and supination each required 3 different motions to occur at the talocrural joint.  Pronation requires dorsiflexion, external rotation, and eversion; this happens when you bring your feet up and all the way out, or when you’re standing, and your arch flattens out.  Supination requires plantarflexion, internal rotation, and inversion; so when you point your foot down and in, or...

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